According to the Pittsburgh Zoo, the average lifespan of an African lion in the wild is 15 to 18 years. This figure is raised to 25 to 30 years in. Lions live in wild areas of sub-Saharan Africa, and some small number of lions live in India. In captivity, they live in zoos or participate in circus. P. l. abyssinica · P. l. azandica · P. l. bleyenberghi · P. l. kamptzi · P. l. krugeri · P. l. nubica In the wilderness, males seldom live longer than 10 to 14 years, as injuries sustained from .. In some lions, the tuft conceals a hard "spine" or "spur", approximately 5 mm long, formed of the final sections of tail bone fused together. Liger · Asiatic lion · American lion · Barbary lion.